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 Islamic holy days and special occasions.

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
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انثى
عدد الرسائل : 1126
العمر : 28
Country : مصر
العمل/الترفيه : الرسم
المزاج : الحمد الله ممتاز
تاريخ التسجيل : 23/06/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: Islamic holy days and special occasions.   الثلاثاء نوفمبر 10, 2009 11:08 pm



What
are the women rights like under Islam/ and how have they changed since
Islams golden age (from mid 8th century until 12th century) if they
have changed?.



Praise be to Allaah.




Islam honours women greatly. It honours women as mothers who
must be respected, obeyed and treated with kindness. Pleasing one's mother
is regarded as part of pleasing Allaah. Islam tells us that Paradise lies at
the mother’s feet, i.e. that the best way to reach Paradise is through one's
mother. And Islam forbids disobeying one’s mother or making her angry, even
by saying a mild word of disrespect. The mother’s rights are greater than
those of the father, and the duty to take care of her grows greater as the
mother grows older and weaker. All of that is mentioned in many texts of the
Qur'aan and Sunnah.



For example, Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):



“And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his
parents”



[al-Ahqaaf 46:15]



“And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him.
And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them
attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout
at them but address them in terms of honour.



24. And lower unto them the wing of submission and
humility through mercy, and say: ‘My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they
did bring me up when I was young’”



[al-Isra’ 17:23, 24]



Ibn Maajah (2781) narrated that Mu’aawiyah ibn Jaahimiah
al-Sulami (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I came to the Messenger of
Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: O
Messenger of Allaah, I want to go for jihad with you, seeking thereby the
Face of Allaah and the Hereafter. He said, “Woe to you! Is your mother still
alive?” I said, Yes. He said, “Go back and honour her.” Then I approached
him from the other side and said: O Messenger of Allaah, I want to go for
jihad with you, seeking thereby the Face of Allaah and the Hereafter. He
said, “Woe to you! Is your mother still alive?” I said, Yes. He said, “Go
back and honour her.” Then I approached him from in front and said, O
Messenger of Allaah, I want to go for jihad with you, seeking thereby the
Face of Allaah and the Hereafter. He said, “Woe to you! Is your mother still
alive?” I said, Yes. He said, “Go back and honour her (lit. stay by her
feet), for there is Paradise.”



Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah.
It was also narrated by al-Nasaa’i with the words: “Stay with her for
Paradise is beneath her feet.”



Al-Bukhaari (5971) and Muslim (2548) narrated that Abu
Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: A man came to the Messenger
of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said: “O Messenger
of Allaah, who is most deserving of my good company?” He said: “Your
mother.” He said: “Then who?” He said: “Your mother.” He said: “Then who?”
He said: “Your mother.” He said: “Then who?” He said: “Then your father.”



And there are other texts which we do not have room to
mention here.



One of the rights which Islam gives to the mother is that her
son should spend on her if she needs that support, so long as he is able and
can afford it. Hence for many centuries it was unheard of among the people
of Islam for a mother to be left in an old-people’s home or for a son to
kick her out of the house, or for her sons to refuse to spend on her, or for
her to need to work in order to eat and drink if her sons were present.



Islam also honours women as wives. Islam urges the husband to
treat his wife in a good and kind manner, and says that the wife has rights
over the husband like his rights over her, except that he has a degree over
her, because of his responsibility of spending and taking care of the
family’s affairs. Islam states that the best of the Muslim men is the one
who treats his wife in the best manner, and the man is forbidden to take his
wife’s money without her consent. Allaah says (interpretation of the
meaning):



“and live with them honourably”



[al-Nisa’ 4:19]



“And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as
regards living expenses) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as
regards obedience and respect) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree
(of responsibility) over them. And Allaah is All-Mighty, All-Wise”



[al-Baqarah 2:228]



And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: “I urge you to treat women well.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 331;
Muslim, 1468.



And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: “The best of you is the one who is best to his wife, and I am the
best of you to my wives.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 3895; Ibn Maajah, 1977;
classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.



And Islam honours women as daughters, and encourages us to
raise them well and educate them. Islam states that raising daughters will
bring a great reward. For example, the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever takes care of two girls until they reach
adulthood, he and I will come like this on the Day of Resurrection,” and he
held his fingers together. Narrated by Muslim, 2631.



Ibn Maajah (3669) narrated that ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allaah
be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Whoever has three daughters and is
patient towards them, and feeds them, gives them to drink and clothes them
from his riches, they will be a shield for him from the Fire on the Day of
Resurrection.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah.



Islam honours woman as sisters and as aunts. Islam enjoins
upholding the ties of kinship and forbids severing those ties in many texts.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “O
people! Spread (the greeting of) salaam, offer food (to the needy), uphold
the ties of kinship, and pray at night when people are sleeping, and you
will enter Paradise in peace.” Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 3251; classed as
saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah.



Al-Bukhaari (5988) narrated that the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah, may He be exalted, said to
the ties of kinship: ‘Whoever upholds you, I will support him, and whoever
breaks you, I will cut him off.’”



All of these qualities may co-exist in a single woman: she
may be a wife, a daughter, a mother, a sister, an aunt, so she may be
honoured in all these ways.



To conclude: Islam raised the status of women, and made them
equal with men in most rulings. So women, like men, are commanded to believe
in Allaah and to worship Him. And women are made equal to men in terms of
reward in the Hereafter. Women have the right to express themselves, to give
sincere advice, to enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, and to call
people to Allaah. Women have the right to own property, to buy and sell, to
inherit, to give charity and to give gifts. It is not permissible for anyone
to take a woman’s wealth without her consent. Women have the right to a
decent life, without facing aggression or being wronged. Women have the
right to be educated; in fact it is obligatory to teach them what they need
to know about their religion.



Anyone who compares the rights of women in Islam with their
situation during the Jaahiliyyah or in other civilizations will understand
that what we are saying is true. In fact we are certain that women are given
the greatest honour in Islam.



There is no need for us to mention the situation of women in
Greek, Persian or Jewish society, but even Christian societies had a bad
attitude towards women. The theologians even gathered at the Council of
Macon to discuss whether woman was merely a body or a body with a soul. They
thought it most likely that women did not have a soul that could be saved,
and they made an exception only in the case of Mary (Maryam – peace be upon
her).



The French held a conference in 586 CE to discuss whether
women had souls or not, and if they had souls, were these souls animal or
human? In the end, they decided that they were human! But they were created
to serve men only.



During the time of Henry VIII, the English Parliament issued
a decree forbidding women to read the New Testament because they were
regarded as impure.



Until 1805, English law allowed a man to sell his wife, and
set a wife’s price at six pennies.



In the modern age, women were kicked out of the house at the
age of eighteen so that they could start working to earn a bite to eat. If a
woman wanted to stay in the house, she had to pay her parents rent for her
room and pay for her food and laundry.



See ‘Awdat al-Hijaab, 2/47-56.



How can this compare to Islam which enjoins honouring and
kind treatment of women, and spending on them?



Secondly:



With regard to the changes in these rights throughout the
ages, the basic principles have not changed, but with regard to the
application of these principles, there can be no doubt that during the
golden age of Islam, the Muslims applied the sharee’ah of their Lord more,
and the rulings of this sharee’ah include honouring one’s mother and
treating one’s wife, daughter, sister and women in general in a kind manner.
The weaker religious commitment grew, the more these rights were neglected,
but until the Day of Resurrection there will continue to be a group who
adheres to their religion and applies the sharee’ah of their Lord. These are
the people who honour women the most and grant them their rights.


Despite
the weakness of religious commitment among many Muslims nowadays, women
still enjoy a high status, whether as daughters, wives or sisters,
whilst we acknowledge that there are shortcomings, wrongdoing and
neglect of women’s rights among some people, but each one will be
answerable for himself.

_________________

FATMA
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Islamic holy days and special occasions.
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