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     Islamic holy days and special occasions.

    اذهب الى الأسفل 
    كاتب الموضوعرسالة
    lana
    المدير
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    انثى
    عدد الرسائل : 1126
    العمر : 29
    Country : مصر
    العمل/الترفيه : الرسم
    المزاج : الحمد الله ممتاز
    تاريخ التسجيل : 23/06/2008

    مُساهمةموضوع: Islamic holy days and special occasions.   الأربعاء نوفمبر 04, 2009 11:27 pm

    hat holy days does Islam have?
    what major historical events has Islam had?



    Praise be to Allaah.


    There is a special day in Islam which Allaah has singled out for blessings which
    are not to be found in any other days. This day is Friday, to which Allaah
    guided the Muslims and from which He led the Jews and Christians astray. It is
    the weekly festival of the Muslims, and it has many special features, some of
    which we will describe here:

    1 –
    It was the teaching of the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
    him) to venerate this day, honour it and single it out for special acts of
    worship that belong exclusively to this day. In Fajr (early morning prayer) on
    Friday he used to recite the Soorahs ‘Alif-laam-meem tanzeel’ (al-Sajdah,
    no. 32) and ‘Hal ata ‘ala’l-insaan’ (al-Insaan, no. 76).

    Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah
    (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of
    Allaah be upon him) used to recite these two soorahs in the Fajr prayer on
    Friday because they refer to what happened and will happen on that day, for they
    speak of the creation of Adam, the resurrection and the gathering of mankind,
    all of which happened or will happen on a Friday. So reciting them on this day
    is a reminder to his ummah (nation) of what has happened and what is yet to
    come. This is one of the special features of Friday.

    2 –
    It is mustahabb (recommended) to send lots of blessings upon the Prophet SAWS
    (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on the ay of Friday and the night
    before, because he said: “Send lots of blessings upon me on Friday and the night
    before.” (Narrated by al-Bayhaqi, 3/249; classed as saheeh (sound) by al-Arna’oot).

    3 –
    Jumu’ah (Friday) prayers are held on this day; this is one of the most
    strongly-affirmed duties of Islam, and one of the greatest gatherings of the
    Muslims. It is the greatest and most obligatory gathering in which they come
    together, apart from ‘Arafah [a place near Makkah (Mecca) where the pilgrims
    stand and pray during the Hajj or pilgrimage]. Whoever neglects Jumu’ah prayers
    out of carelessness, Allaah will place a seal over his heart. The people of
    Paradise will be brought closer (to Allaah) on the Day of Resurrection and they
    will see Allaah sooner, commensurate with how close they were to the imam on the
    day of Jumu’ah and how early they came to Jumu’ah prayers.

    4 –
    The command to do ghusl (take a bath for the purpose of purification) on Friday;
    this command is most emphatic.

    5 –
    Wearing perfume on Friday; this is better than wearing perfume on any other day
    of the week.

    6 –
    Cleaning the teeth with the siwaak (tooth stick); this is better than using the
    siwaak on any other day.

    7 –
    Going to the prayers early.

    8 –
    Keeping oneself busy with prayer, dhikr (remembering Allaah) and reading Qur’aan
    until the imaam comes out to give the khutbah (sermon).

    9 –
    Listening attentively to the khutbah, because listening to it is obligatory
    according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions. If a person fails
    to do that he is engaging in idle talk, and whoever does that has not prayed
    Jumu’ah. In al-Musnad a marfoo’ report [i.e., a report which is
    attributed to the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings be upon him)] states: “The
    one who says to his companion, ‘Be quiet and listen,’ has not prayed Jumu’ah.”
    (Narrated by Ahmad, 2034; classed as hasan by al-Arna’oot. See Haashiyat Zaad
    al-Ma’aad, 1/377. Also narrated by al-Bukhaari (934) and Muslim (851), with
    the wording: “If you say to your companion, ‘Be quiet and listen,’ on a Friday
    when the imaam is delivering the khutbah, then you have engaged in idle talk.”)

    10
    – Reading Soorat al-Kahf (no. 18) during the day of Friday. It was narrated that
    the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever
    reads Soorat al-Kahf on a Friday, light will shine for him from beneath his feet
    to the clouds of the sky, which will shine on him on the Day of Resurrection,
    and he will be forgiven from one Friday to the next.” (Narrated by al-Haakim,
    2/368; classed as saheeh by al-Arna’oot).

    11
    – It is a festival which is repeated every week. Ibn Maajah narrated in his
    Sunan that Abu Lubaabah ibn ‘Abd al-Mundhir said: “The Messenger of Allaah
    SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Friday is the best and
    greatest of days before Allaah, and it is greater before Allaah than the day of
    al-Adha (the Feast of Sacrifice) and the day of al-Fitr (the Feast of Breaking
    the Fast). It has five characteristics: on this day Allaah created Adam; on this
    day Adam came down to earth; on this day Allaah caused Adam to die; on this day
    there is an hour during which no one asks Allaah for something but He will grant
    it to him, so long as he does not ask for something haraam (forbidden); and on
    this day the Hour [i.e., the Day of Judgement] will begin, so there is no angel
    who is close to Allaah, no heaven, no earth, no wind, no mountain and no tree
    that does not feel some apprehension on Friday.” (Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 1084.
    Al-Busayri said: its isnaad is hasan, and it was classed as saheeh in Saheeh
    Abi Dawood, 888).

    12
    – It is mustahabb (recommended) to wear the best clothes one has on Friday.
    Imaam Ahmad narrated in his Musnad that Abu Ayyoob said: “I heard the
    Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say,
    ‘Whoever takes a bath on Friday, puts on perfume if he has some, wears his best
    clothes then goes out , walking in a dignified manner until he reaches the
    mosque, then he prostrates in prayer if he wants and does not disturb anybody,
    then he remains quiet until the imaam comes out and he prays, that will be an
    expiation from one Friday to the next.’” (Narrated by Ahmad in al-Musnad,
    23059; classed as hasan by al-Ana’oot).

    In
    Sunan Abi Dawood it is narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Salaam that he heard
    the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say on
    the minbar (pulpit) one Friday: “There is nothing wrong with any one of you if
    he buys two garments for Friday other than his workaday clothes.” (Narrated by
    Abu Dawood, 1078; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood,
    953).

    13
    – It is mustahabb on Fridays to perfume the mosque with incense. Sa’eed ibn
    Mansoor narrated from Na’eem ibn ‘Abd-Allaah al-Mujmir that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab
    (may Allaah be pleased with him) commanded him to perfume the mosque of Madeenah
    with incense every Friday until noontime. This is why Na’eem was called al-Mujmir
    (from the word tajmeer meaning perfuming with incense).

    14
    – It is a day on which sins are expiated. In Saheeh al-Bukhaari it is
    narrated that Salmaan al-Faarisi said: “The Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and
    blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘No man takes a bath on Friday and
    purifies himself as much as he can, and makes his hair tidy, and puts on
    perfume, then goes out, and does not come between two people, then prays as
    Allaah decrees for him and listens attentively when the imaam speaks, but he
    will be forgiven for his bad deeds between this Friday and the other.’” (al-Bukhaari,
    843).

    15
    – On Friday there is the “hour of response” which is an hour in which no Muslim
    asks Allaah for something but He will grant it. In al-Saheehayn it is
    narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger
    of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘On Friday
    there is an hour in which no Muslim asks for something whilst he is standing in
    prayer, but it will be given to him” – and he demonstrated the shortness of that
    time with his hands. (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 883; Muslim, 1406).

    16
    – On Fridays there is the khutbah (sermon) which is intended to praise and
    glorify Allaah, and to bear witness to His Oneness and to the Messengership of
    His Messenger, and to remind His slaves of His blessings, to warn them of His
    punishment and wrath, to advise them of that which will bring them closer to Him
    and His Paradise, and to forbid them that which will bring them closer to His
    anger and Hell. This is the purpose behind the khutbah and of gathering to hear
    it.

    17
    – It is the day on which it is mustahabb to devote oneself to worship and it has
    an advantage over other days by being characterized with all kinds of worship,
    obligatory and mustahabb. Allaah has made for the followers of each religion a
    day on which they devote themselves to worship and refrain from worldly work. So
    Friday is a day of worship, and in relation to other days it is like Ramadaan in
    relation to other months; the “hour of response” on Friday is like Laylat al-Qadr
    (the Night of Decree) in Ramadaan. Hence whoever gets it right on Friday, his
    whole week will be good, and whoever gets it right in Ramadan, his whole year
    will be good, and whoever gets it right on Hajj, his whole life will be good.
    Friday is the measure of the week, Ramadaan is the measure of the year and Hajj
    is the measure of one's life. And Allaah is the Source of strength.

    19
    – It is the day with which Allaah has exclusively favoured this ummah, and from
    which He led the People of the Book astray before them, as it says in al-Saheeh,
    where it is narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet SAWS (peace and
    blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The sun has never risen or set on any
    day better than Friday. Allaah guided us to it and led the people away from it.
    The people are behind us in this respect. It (Friday) is for us, Saturday is for
    the Jews and Sunday is for the Christians.” (Narrated by Ahmad, 10305, classed
    as saheeh by Ibn Khuzaymah, 3/114).

    20 – It is the day which
    Allaah chose from among all the days of the week, just as He chose Ramadaan from
    among the months of the year and Laylat al-Qadr from among all the nights, and
    Makkah from among all places on earth, and Muhammad from all of mankind.


    With regard to the second question, the Muslims have several special occasions,
    such as:

    1 –
    The blessed month of Ramadaan, which is a month that has special
    characteristics. You will find more information in Question no. 13480.

    2 –
    Eid al-Fitr (the Feast of Breaking the Fast). This is the first day of the month
    of Shawwaal, on which the Muslims express their joy at the blessing which Allaah
    has bestowed upon them by enabling them to complete the month-long fast of
    Ramadaan.

    3 –
    The Day of ‘Arafah, which is the ninth day of the month of Dhu’l-Hijjah, the day
    of the greater Pilgrimage (Hajj), the greatest pillar of the Hajj. It has many
    virtues, details of which are to be found in question no. 7284.

    4
    – Eid al-Adha (the Feast of Sacrifice). The Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and
    blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best of days is the Day of
    Sacrifice.” This is the tenth day of Dhu’l-Hijjah. It was narrated that ‘Uqbah
    ibn ‘Aamir said: “The Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be
    upon him) said: ‘The Day of ‘Arafah, the Day of Sacrifice and the Days of al-Tashreeq
    [the three days following the Day of Sacrifice] are a festival for us Muslims,
    and they are days of eating and drinking.’” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 704;
    classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 620).


    _________________

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